Pediatric Ophthalmology

Pediatric Ophthalmology

Pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus services offer to treat the full spectrum of child’s vision problem. It includes Pediatric cataract, Amblyopia (Lazy Eye), CNLDO, Retinopathy of prematurity, Cranial nerve palsies, Refractive Error, Squint, Allergic conjunctivitis.

It focuses on child below 15 years age who are in developing years of life, vision during period not only affect them personally but also have impact on their education and social upliftment.


Why should one consult Pediatric Ophthalmologist ?
  • If your child is complaining of following symptoms, it’s time to consult him.
  • Headache.
  • Difficulty in seeing blackboard.
  • Frequent blinking and watering of eyes.
  • Frequent rubbing of eyes and redness.
  • Frequent mistakes in school.
  • Frequent fall down.
  • White reflex in eyes.
  • Poor eye contact by three months of age.
How can a child be tested for glasses in early childhood ?

An ophthalmologist can detect the need for glasses through a complete eye exam. Typically, the pupils are dilated in order to relax the focusing muscles, so that an accurate measurement can be obtained. By using a special instrument, called a retinoscope, your eye doctor can arrive at an accurate prescription. The ophthalmologist will then advise parents whether there is a need for glasses, or whether the condition can be monitored.

What is Strabismus/ Squint ?

It is any misalignment of the eyes in which both eyes does not look together over a common object.

There are many different types of strabismus. Strabismus is most commonly described by the direction of the eye misalignment; common types of strabismus are esotropia, exotropia, hypotropia, and hypertropia.

How is Strabismus related to Poor Vision ?

Eye misalignment can cause amblyopia in children. When the eyes are oriented in different directions, the brain receives 2 different visual images. The brain may ignore the image from the misaligned eye to avoid double vision, resulting in poor vision development of that eye. Also, an eye that sees poorly tends to be misaligned.

What can happens if Squint is not recognised early ?
  • Poor cosmesis
  • Lack of binocular vision and stereopsis
  • Loss of vision in squinting eye / amblyopia / lazy eye
  • Feeling of depression in child
How is strabismus treated ?

The goal of strabismus treatment is to improve eye alignment which allows for better work together (binocular vision). Treatment may involve eye glasses, eye exercises, prism, and/ or eye muscle surgery. Problems associated with strabismus (including amblyopia, ptosis, and cataract) are usually treated prior to eye muscle surgery.